Image text integration

Thursday, April 13, 2006

Map as an image/text integral

Main thesis in this blog is that in most cases having an image with true likeness to what we can see is totally irrelevant. Using images people look for information and typically it is achieved by image text integration, not by likeness.

Maps is a perfect example of such integration.

Satellite photo with perfect realism is less important than having relevent annotated map.

Map could add not only location of geographic objects, but also information totally unavailable to satellites, like historic dates…

Source for this map of medieval universities:

State official seal: text and image for Virginia, USA

Just looking at an image of state seal few people realize how many textual knowledge is compressed there, especially if language of text is Latin, and figures represent third rate ancient goddesses, important for founders.

“The committee set forth the official design in use today, which is essentially the design adopted by the Virginia's Constitutional Convention of 1776.

The obverse side of the great seal depicts the Roman goddess Virtus representing the spirit of the Commonwealth. She is dressed as an Amazon, a sheathed sword in one hand, and a spear in the other, and one foot on the form of Tyranny, who is pictured with a broken chain in his left hand, a scourge in his right, and his fallen crown nearby, implying struggle that has ended in complete victory. Virginia’s motto, Sic Semper Tyrannis (Latin for "Thus Always to Tyrants"), appears at the bottom.

“On the reverse side of the seal are the three Roman goddesses, Libertas (Liberty) in the center holding a wand and pileus in her right hand, Aerternitas (Eternity) with a globe and phoenix in her right hand, and Ceres (Fruitfulness) with a cornucopia in her left hand and an ear of wheat in her right. At the top is the word Perservando (Latin for "by Persevering"). A border of Virginia creeper encircles the designs on each side.

Text source:

Photo with text that nearly started a war: The Cuban Missile Crisis, October 18-29, 1962

Photos routinely called as 'photos that changed the world', typically are just photos of events that changed the world.

It looks that only in one case photo was the beginning to a chain of events that put the world very close to the world war.

This was a photo revealing that the Soviet Union was building secret missile bases in Cuba, a mere 90 miles off the shores of Florida. This information was made public by public President John F. Kennedy on October 22, 1962.

For the next two weeks world was very close to nuclear war.

In the context of image-text integration it’s important that this most important photo in human history so far was clearly not just photo but image with integrated text.

Detailed information about Cuban missile crisis could be found at